From the picture presented by liberal media, far too many young people are being misled into thinking that belief in God is not logical. But did you know that's not the case? In my next few posts, I am going to share philosophical arguments for the existence of God. Some are classical, others more modern, and others may be brand new to you. I will present them in the form of logical syllogisms, which are in the form of a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusion that logically flows from them. I hope that you will find them to be spiritually edifying and helpful!
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These come from a chapter in the second edition of my book, God vs. Chance, available on Amazon.com.
I will begin with some arguments that lay foundations, and then move to more direct arguments for the existence of God.
OUR UNIVERSE HAD A BEGINNING
If our universe did not have a beginning, then it could not have been created. These three syllogisms explain why our universe must have had a beginning.
Why Our Universe Must Have Begun to Exist
(Entropy is a state of disorder and also a state in which less energy is available to do work. Since order is less probable than disorder, like a battery discharging or a sandcastle eroding, on average all things in our universe are moving from order to disorder, and to a state in which energy is no longer available to do work.)
• Our universe began in an improbable, low entropy state of order, and is moving towards a more probable state of dis-order.
• If there were an infinite past, our universe would now be at a state of maximum entropy, but it is not.
∴ (Therefore) our universe is of a finite age and had a beginning.
Why Our Universe Must Have Had a Cause
This is known as the Kalam Cosmological Argument, and has been popularized by philosopher William Lane Craig.
• Everything that begins to exist has a cause.
• Our universe began to exist.
∴ (Therefore) our universe has a cause.
Why Time As We Know It Must Have Had a Beginning
(Something that is finite is of limited quantity. Something that is infinite has no limit.)
• Since everything does not happen at once, time as we know it advances at a finite rate of speed.
• You can’t reach an infinite sum by successive addition of finite units (such as seconds) at a finite rate of speed.
∴ (Therefore) there could not have been an infinite past, and time as we know it must have had a beginning.
WHY THERE MUST HAVE BEEN A FIRST CAUSE
Many atheists appeal to the possibility of an infinite regression of events. This is because if there is an infinite regression, there is no need for a Creator. The following two syllogisms show why there could not have been an infinite regression.
The Argument From the Radiation of Causality
• All effects radiate from causes.
• Every kind of radiation has a source, such as light.
∴ (Therefore) everything that is caused has an ultimate first cause, which is its source.
The Argument From the Endless Nature of Infinity
• Since all causes radiate from a source, an infinite magnitude of causes and effects can result only from cause and effect without end.
• The events leading up to our universe ended when the universe began.
∴ (Therefore) the number of events leading up to our universe could not have been infinite, so there must have been a beginning to the events that led up to the formation of our universe.
Now that we have established the foundational concepts that our universe must have begun and that it had a cause, the question is, who or what caused it to begin?
That is what my next post will be about. Stay tuned!